As per a recent review, going for a healthy plant-based diet can help relieve pain and swollen joint symptoms commonly seen in rheumatoid arthritis patients. RA happens to be an autoimmune disease and is a joint disorder, which is highly painful and caused due to joint inflammation. It affects around 1% of the world population. Both lifestyle factors and genetic predisposition can lead to the precipitation of this disorder. The former can include factors such as gut microbiome composition, diet, and infections.
It is theorized that certain dietary factors could be responsible for lowering the intestinal barrier’s strength, a component that enables food molecules & bacteria to enter the bloodstream and breach the body’s defenses. This can cause inflammatory responses from the body.
Diets could also affect RA as it is well-known that an overweight body diminishes the effects of RA medication on the body, which leads to an increased likelihood of one being affected by the disease. Due to this reason, it is important to modify diets in order to manage RA in a better manner.
Many observational studies and a number of trials have all concluded that plant-based diets are capable of reducing symptoms in a consistent and significant manner.
As per a 2015 study, people who were going on a healthy plant-based diet were seen to enjoy lower rates of inflammation compared to people consuming more animal and fat-related products.
Less swelling and pain were also observed in those with RA. 1 trial assigned people suffering from RA to going on a vegan, low-fat diet. In just 4 weeks, results started rolling in as they showed a significant decline in joint swelling, tenderness, pain, and morning stiffness.
Gut microbiome composition also turned healthy. Diets that are rich in fiber and plants can enable certain species and promote microbiome diversity. It’s often quite low in people suffering from RA. This diet change can enable a significant reduction in inflammation and RA.